Finishing up last-minute holiday shopping? If you still have gifts to buy for the kids on your list, Cynthia Hockman, ARNP, MS, CPNP, UnityPoint Health, recommends the following developmental toys for babies and toddlers to make play fun and educational.

Infants: 0-4 Months

“Babies prepare for developmental achievements during their early months through a mix of motor, sensory and emotional experience,” Cynthia says. “Sensory toys involving textures, sounds and bright, contrasting colors are all great developmental choices for babies. By 4-months-old, babies can bring their hands together in the midline and use their eyes to coordinate hand movement.”

 Toy Suggestions Developmental Benefits
 Rattles  Build grip and tactile stimulation
 Mirrors  Improve focus on faces and objects (8-12 inches away).
Stimulate social and language development.
 Musical mobiles  Stimulate hearing, stimulate infant to make sounds
Tripod gyms with dangling toys  Enhance reach and grasp; keeping head in midline,
bringing hands together in midline
 Books with baby faces,
animals, high-contrast
  Speech and language development,
social and cognitive development
 Colorful floor play mats  Enhance tummy play, developing strength in arms/legs

 

Cynthia’s Personal Favorites:


Infants: 4-6 Months

“Babies hands are now open, and they’re attempting to reach and grasp objects purposefully. First teeth usually start to erupt around 6 months-old, and everything baby grasps is brought to mouth to teeth on. Objects need to be large enough to not fit completely in mouth to avoid choking,” Cynthia says.

 Toy Suggestions  Developmental Benefits
 Textured and/or chilled teethers  Cope with teething
 Soft squeeze toys of different size and shape  Build grasping and manipulation
 Peek-a-boo toys  Enhance object permanence


Infants: 6-9 Months

“At 6-months-old, babies can sit and manipulate objects with hands, and their movement patterns are more controlled,” Cynthia says.

 Toy Suggestions Developmental Benefits 
 Baby blocks  Build fine motor skills
 Toys that roll and make sounds when touched  Encourage creeping/crawling movement,
enhance gross motor skills
  Peek-a-boo toys  Enhance object permanence
 Busy box  Manipulate objects and create cause/effect

 

Cynthia’s Personal Favorite:


Infants: 9-12 Months

“Babies are now able to get to sit and pull to stand independently, as well as start to crawl.
Push toys need to have a broad, stable base to support babies’ weight and prevent falling,” Cynthia says.

Toy Suggestions  Developmental Benefits
 Sensory balls (textured)  Promote gross motor and tactile skills, as well as grasping, coordination and crawling;
can also be used for relaxation and body massage
 Toys where baby can put items into containers  Develop gross and fine motor skills
Pat-a-cake, peek-a-boo or toys/books that have hide and seek effect  Enhance object permanence


Infants: 12-15 Months

“Around babies’ first birthdays is when we see their cognitive development really grow. Cause and effect toys are fun, yet challenging,” Cynthia says. Babies are starting to use words meaningfully.

Babies are now standing independently, walking and explore environment.

 Toy Suggestions  Developmental Benefits
 Stackable cubes   Increase fine motor skills, cognitive development of spatial relations
 Puzzles with easy-grasp knobs  Build fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, enhance expressive and receptive language and cognitive development (giving one-step commands, as you talk about finding specific puzzle pieces)
 Cause and effect toys  Enhance object permanence and challenge

 

Cynthia’s Personal Favorites:


Toddlers: 24 Months to 3+ Years

Keeping toddlers busy can be tricky, and while Cynthia offers educational toy recommendations for this age group, she also reminds parents of the importance of reading – no matter what age.

“Books are the best toys, at any age, to enhance speech and language development, social and cognitive development and instill in a child the love of reading for a lifetime!” Cynthia says. Toddlers are starting to name colors, point and name pictures, make animal sounds, starting to count and carry on simple conversations. Make story time interactive and ask questions about the story and see what your toddler comprehends! Toddlers are becoming more independent and can be potty trained.

Cynthia’s Personal Favorites:

Cynthia also says technology definitely can assist with your child’s development. But, she encourages parents to promote a healthy balance of learning through technology and learning through creative play. “There are many free, educational and fun preschool apps for toddlers designed to help them learn colors, shapes, counting, ABC’s and other activities that enhance their problem-solving abilities. However, as with any activity, moderation is the key to screen play. Children need time to play creatively, too,” Cynthia says. For additional questions regarding your child’s development or child development toys by age, contact yourUnityPoint Health provider or pediatrician.

This article originally appeared here — https://www.unitypoint.org/livewell/article.aspx?id=22dbbb5f-22d8-4dc5-8bc2-f6a47ab5cca2